Mokchokpa rinchen tsöndrü

Mokchokpa Rinchen Tsöndrü


rmog lcog pa rin chen brtson 'grus

Mokchokpa rinchen tsöndrü

Alternative Name(s):

rmog lcogs


rmog cog


Jetsün Ratna Virya (rje btsun ra tna bI rya)



Period: 11th–13th // Tibetan Forefathers

Mokchokpa was born in the grasslands of Lhabu, in the Shang Valley of Namling County in Western Tibet. He begins his autobiography by informing us that he entered through the doors of the dharma at age sixteen or seventeen. Then he goes on to say that he spent about one year studying the monastic codes of conduct, the Vinaya. While he does not inform us clearly about whether he took monastic ordination or not, there simply is no definite proof for the assertion that he was a layman. We have rather more reason to believe the former, since he writes that Khyungpo Naljor repeatedly addressed him as “young monk” on several occasions, and his prolonged studies of the Vinaya would also rather point in the monastic direction. However, in the absence of a clear statement we cannot be sure.

In his youth, he studied many texts, including the Prajnaparamita. He received both maturing and liberating teachings from Lama Burgom Nakpo, a disciple of the lord Rechungpa and spent five years with him. Khyungpo Naljor told him that, during a dream, Amithabha Buddha told him to give him the instructions of the Shangpa one-to-one guru to disciple transmission and Mokchokpa received all the Shangpa teachings and became the Shangpa lineage holder.
He also studied and practiced under Khampa Aseng, who was a teacher of the first Karmapa Düsum Khyenpa.

After Khyungpo Naljor’s death, he spent two years in solitary meditation. He developed experiences and realization of Illusory Body, Dream Yoga and Clear Light. He met Gampopa to clarify his doubts with his practice and received all the Mahamudra teachings and instructions. They had a very emotional meeting, clearly recognizing each other as having been teacher and student to each other for many lifetimes. Mokchokpa had complete understanding of the Mahamudra precepts. Mokchokpa stayed meditating in a mountain cave in the Mokchok area for twelve years and spent seven or eight of these years training exclusively in the “Combined Accomplishment of the Four Deities” (lha bzhi dril grub), one of the core practices of the Shangpa tradition.

During that time he had many visions that he would build a monastery in Mokchok and gathered many disciples. As Mokchokpa lay dying he sang a song to his disciples and said: “After this life I will go to the Eastern pure Land of Joy, called Light Brilliance where I will attain enlightenment, and turn the wheel of Dharma. The Shangpa lineage will be continued by the great Önton Kyergangpa, himself an emanation of Avalokiteshvara. He will have a disciple of great renown, Sangyé Nyentön Rigongpa, whose disciple will in turn continue the transmission and protect this lineage.”


Adapted from: Lama Shérab Drimé’s English translation from Tibetan of bla ma rin po che rmog lcog pa’i rnam par thar pa, shangs chos, vol. 1, p. 145-222.